Branches of science: All you need to know about branches of science

Branches of science

Science is the systematic study of the mystery of nature. Moreover, science develops from definite steps. These definite steps are scientific methods. First, we need to know what observation is. Because when we want to know anything about living things or elements, we need to observe first. But, scientific methods had a lot of steps.

First, making observations is the fundamental step in the development of science. Moreover, there are two types of observations: Qualitative observation and Quantitative observation. Hence, qualitative observation tells us about the quality of the observation. Next, quantitative observation tells us about the quantity of the observation. Now, quantitative observation gives us more or more information than qualitative observation. Moreover, there are three main branches of science. Hence, they are physical science, earth science, and life science/biological science.

 Branches of science list A to Z


Aeronautics is the study of the structure, design, and manufacturing of aeroplanes.


Biology is the study of living things or life. Moreover, it encomposses the cellular basis of living things. Thus, Aristotle is the father of biology. Next, this word biology is derived from the Greek word bios and logos. Now, Bios means life and logos means study. So, Biology is the branch of science. Next, it deals with the study of animals, plants and the interactions with the environment.


Carpology is the study of fruits. In the 18th century, German botanist Joseph Gaertner first invented carpology. He dedicated his life to the study of natural history.


Dactylology is the study of hand sign language. Moreover, there are more than 50 hand signs for English alphabets. But, Dactylology may barely be considered more than one of the components of a deaf education system.


Ecology is the study of nature or the environment. Now, here we can observe how a living thing interacts with the environment.


Forestry is the science and art of planting, producing, and repairing the forest. Now, the word forest comes from the latin word foris. Next, Foris means outside of the mainland territory. There are two types of forests. They are natural forest and man made forest. Now, natural forest means a forest where every plant grows by itself. Moreover, Gir forest, Kaziranga forest and Sundarban forest are examples of natural forest. But, man made forest is the forest where plants are grown by humans. Next, Mulai reserve and Jadav payeng are examples of man made forest.


Geoponics is the study of agriculture. Hence, Agriculture is the art or science of cultivating the Earth. This includes crop harvesting and livestock rearing and management.


Blood and blood diseases are studied in hematology. Moreover, Hematology is the subject which deals with any disorder related to blood. Now, our blood is made from bone marrow. So, any disorder which arises from bone marrow is under the study of Hematology.


Ichthyology is a branch of zoology that studies bony fish, sail fish, jawless fish, and sea horse. But, this field can include fish biology, taxonomy, conservation, farming, and commercial fisheries.


Next, Kalology is the study of facial beauty. The word Kalology comes from the Latin word kalos. It means beautiful.


Next, Linguistics is a scientific examination of the shape. Moreover, this is the evolution of human language.


Next, Meteorology studies the Earth’s atmosphere. This is the study of fluctuations in temperature and moistures.


Next, Nephology is the field of meteorology. This is dealing with cloud types, their genesis, development, and dissipation.


Now, Odontology is the study of teeth and teeth disease. Now, the word odontology comes from the French word odontologie.


Now, Pharmacology is the study of drugs and their effects on consumers.

Quantum mechanics

Next, Quantum mechanics is a basic physics theory describing phenomena at the lowest scales.


Now, Radiology is the study of X-rays and their medical applications. Moreover, radiology has two parts. Now they are diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology.


Now, Sociology is the study of society and social life. The word Sociology comes from the Latin word socius and Greek word logos. The word socius means society and the word logos means theory of science.


Next, Theology is the study of religion. The word theology comes from theos which means god and logia which means saying.


Next, Urology is the study of urine. But, Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with illnesses of the urinary system in both men and women.


So, Vexillology is the study of flags. Next, the word vexillology comes from the Latin word vexillum and Greek word logia. Now, the word vexillum means a square flag which was carried by Roman armies.


Next, Xylology is the study of woods.


From small insects to big mammals, zoology studies all creatures of all kinds and sizes. Moreover, zoologists are studying how animals consume and how they interact with their surroundings.

Branches of science chart

Formal sciencesEmpirical sciencesApplied sciences
Formal sciences
LogicDecision theoryMathematicsstatisticsTheoretical computer science
Empirical sciences
Natural sciencesSocial sciences
Life sciencesPhysical sciencesEconomicsOther social sciences
MedicineAstronomyMicro economicsAnthropology
ChemistryMacro economicsEducation
Earth scienceInternational economicsHistory
PhysicsPolitical science
Applied sciences

Branches of science Biology

Additionally, biology is the branch of science. Moreover, biology has two groups. Then, they are zoology and botany. Now, zoology is the branch of biology which we have studied about animals. But Botany is the branch of biology in which we studied the plant. Next, Aristotle was the first to study animals in detail, and he is the father of biology. Thus, Theophrastus studied plants and he is the father of Botany. But, Hippocrates personalized the science of healing and treating sickness. Hence, he is the father of medicine. Paleontology is the branch of science and the study of fossils of animals and plants.

Moreover, ecology is the branch of biology. This is the study of the interactions of biophysical environments. Thus, ecology includes both biotic and abiotic components. But, Bacteriology is the study of bacteria.

Yet, Morphology is the branch of biology that deals with the structures of animals and plants. Additionally, Physiology is the branch of biology. Moreover, this deals with the normal functions of living organisms. Next, Cytology is the branch of biology. Hence, this is the study of structure and function of plants and animal cells. Now, Parasitology is the study of parasites and the relations between them. For example, The reason of malaria is plasmodium. Embryology is the branch of biology and the study of employees and their development.

Moreover, genetic is the branch of biology. Thus, this is the study of genes, genetic variations, and heredity in organisms. Then, Anatomy is the branch of science. Now, this is the study of the structures of humans, animals, and other living organisms. Next, Histology is the study of the sale of organisms or microscopic structure of the tissue.

Branches of social science

Next, Social science has many branches, but in classics, there are three of its branches. Moreover, they are history, geography, and civics. Thus, history is a very important branch of social science. But, It gives us information about past lives, not only about our past lives. But about the past life of different human beings asked about life in society. Next, we cannot lead the present without knowing the history. Additionally, there are many incidents. But, these incidents guide us to live our present very nicely and peacefully. Moreover, history is a base upon which our present is built and what will create our future.

So, history is derived from a Greek word called “Historia”. Now, “Historia” means information acquired by inquiry or investigation. Next, the information which we get in history is based on investigation and inquiry. Moreover, it is a true story of humankind and the adventure of how humankind came. Hence, history gives us good information about people and society. Now, the present society in which we are living is not developed in one day.

Branches of earth science

Thus, there are estimated to be more than 100 billion galaxies in the universe. Next, the milky way galaxy is our local neighbourhood in space. Hence, it contains at least 250 billion individual stars. Now, one of these stars is special. But, the sun is not an exceptional star in any way. So, it is not special for the biggest or the hottest or the oldest.

Additionally, what makes it special is the only known star to support a planet harbour life like the sun. Moreover, the Earth is not a special planet in any way. Hence, it is not large or small or cold or hot or even composed of unique elements. But it is very special in that it is home to live in. Moreover, nine million unique species of living things are here on our planet. But we have not yet discovered them anywhere else in the entire universe.

But, the study of this exceptional place is approximately Earth science. Now, this study has three main areas which are Astronomy, Meteorology and geology.

Astronomy, Meteorology and Geology

Thus, Astronomy is the study of the entire universe. This includes galaxies, stars, planets and the moon. Thus, Astronomers explore the laws of motion, gravity and the other celestial objects. Next, they use the massive telescopes to peer back to time to better understand how we got here.

Next, Meteorology is the study of the Earth’s atmosphere. But, the thin, fragile shell of gases surrounds our planet. Thus, Meteorologists explore everything from weather and climate patterns to global change. Moreover, they strive to understand how energy travels. Now, this energy is transformed through the air and water surrounding the Earth.

Next, Geologists study the solid Earth and how it changes from the surface down to the core. Moreover, they examine rocks, minerals, volcanoes, earthquakes, oceans, various landforms and landscapes. But, they also hypothesize about the conditions of the interior of the planet.

Next, Earth scientists strive to understand the history and the future of the Earth. Now, our planet faces unprecedented challenges, including overpopulation, pollution and depletion of natural resources. Hence, this study holds new critical importance.

Branches of medical laboratory science

Moreover, if you have ever had your blood drawn. Then those specimens were sent to a medical laboratory for analysis. Next, your doctor wanted to investigate your symptoms, so he/she ordered some lab tests. But, medical laboratory scientists are well-educated professionals who work in clinics and hospitals. Thus, they analyze specimens collected from patients. Hence, a medical laboratory is an essential component in caring for patients. Because they provide informative data. Then, doctors can make important decisions about a patient’s health status. But, students who enter a medical laboratory science college can expect to take classes in the lab.

Next, Hematology is a study of blood but more specifically of the cells of the blood. So we look at white cells, red cells and platelets. Moreover, medical laboratory scientists use specialized machines. Next, they use machines to analyze how many white cells, red cells and platelets are present in the blood.

Moreover, substances such as glucose are measured in urine and other body fluids. Now, this body fluids such as cerebral spinal fluid or synovial fluid. Now, microbiologists grow bacteria on agar plates. Then, they use it for newer techniques such as PCR and DNA sequencing to identify microbes.

Moreover, immunology can also help diagnose different infections. Thus, immunology helps them by looking for the body’s reaction.

Branches of political science

There are 3 main branches of politics. Now they are political theory, political philosophy and political science. But, these three branches are mostly found in synonyms used in politics. Now, these three branches are not the same. Moreover, they have their own studies. Thus, Political theory is basically used for explaining political phenomena. Now, this includes analytical study of ideas and doctrines. Next, Political philosophy is a part of philosophical tradition. So, This is the study of abstract thought. Then, this includes politics, society and law. Hence, it also deals with the moral and ethical dimension of politics. Next political science is the analysis of government and other political institutions. State and government are the systematic study of political science.

Some frequently asked questions

What are the 15 branches of science?

Zoology, botany, sociology, radiology, geology, ecology, astronomy, genetics, chemistry, theology, urology, mechanics, quantum mechanics, anatomy, nephrology are the branches of science.

What are the five main branches of science?

Chemistry, biology, physics, astronomy, and geology are the five main branches of science.

What is science? How many branches of science?

Science is the systematic study of the mystery of nature. But, science develops from definite steps, which are called scientific methods. Next, there are three main branches of science.

Who is the father of science?

Galileo Galilei is the father of science.

What is the most important science?

Physics is the most important science.

What are the three types of scientists?

Botanists, chemists, and cytologists are the three types of scientists.

What are the ten scientific terms?

Botany, Zoology, climatology, Ecology, Economics, Algology, Food science, Geology, sociology, Biology, and Optics are the ten scientific terms.

About the Author: mike

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